Why do male last names in Icelandic end with -son instead of -sonur?
Eric Eduard Heinen
AnswerIn Old Icelandic, when the word sonr formed the second part of a compound, i.e. Magnús-son, Sigurðs-son, the final -r (-ur) was dropped in nominative singular, and the same morphology is used in Modern Icelandic. E.g.:
- Nom. Magnús Sigurðsson (son(u)r)
- Acc. Magnús Sigurðson (son)
- Dat. Magnúsi Sigurðsyni (syni)
- Gen.Magnúsar Sigurðssonar (sonar)
- Nom. Guðrún Sigurðardóttir (dóttir)
- Acc. Guðrúnu Sigurðardóttur (dóttur)
- Dat. Guðrúnu Sigurðardóttur (dóttur)
- Gen. Guðrúnar Sigurðardóttur (dóttur)
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Why is it that male last names in Icelandic are in accusative -son instead of nominative -sonur, even when referred to in nominative, whereas female last names are referred to in nominative case -dóttir and not -dóttur?
Um þessa spurningu
Guðrún Kvaran. „Why do male last names in Icelandic end with -son instead of -sonur?“. The Icelandic Web of Science 8.4.2011. http://why.is/svar.php?id=58065. (Skoðað 21.2.2017).